Comprehensive Health Education Lesson Plan: Teeth Brushing and Flossing

Are you in need of a comprehensive Health Education Lesson Plan for your elementary classroom that covers dental hygiene?  Here’s one that I created that you are free to use for non-commercial use within your classroom!

(Title of lesson):
Brush Your Teeth

(Designated Content Area):
Personal Hygiene-Teeth Brushing and Flossing

(Designated Grade Level):
Kindergarten

National/State Standards-
NHES 7.2.1
Demonstrate healthy practices and behaviors to maintain or improve personal health.
7.2.2 Demonstrate behaviors that avoid or reduce health risks.

ELA or Common Core Standards-
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.K.2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic.

Behavioral Outcomes/Objectives
At the end of this objective the student will have learned to:
1-Recognize 100% of the time that you need to brush your teeth 2 times a day.
2-Recognize 100% of the time that you need to brush your teeth for 2 minutes.
3-Recognize 100% of the time that you need to brush left to right, up and down, and all around.
4-Recognize 100% of the time that you need to floss between the teeth.

Materials Needed
1-Large box with mouth and teeth cut into it
2-Brand new and clean dust pan brush
3-Thin rope to use for floss
4-Tooth brushes, floss and toothpaste for each child
5-Cotton balls to use as food between teeth in cardboard mouth
6-Book: “Brush Your Teeth, Please”
7-Important words printed out and hung up with the words in Spanish and English and pictures (Toothbrush, toothpaste, mouth, floss, teeth)

Vocabulary
Cavity-Damaged areas of the teeth that turn into little holes

Anticipatory Set (time)
(5-7 minutes) (Hold up a toothbrush) Who here brushes their teeth every day? Who here brushes their teeth one time a day? Two times a day? More than two times a day? Can you take your finger and show me how you brush your teeth? (Mimic brushing with a sideways finger on the outside of your mouth.) That’s great brushing! (Hold up floss) Who here flosses their teeth? Good job! What do you think happens if we don’t brush or floss our teeth? (Call on numerous students here) Those were all great answers! If we don’t brush or floss, we get cavities. Can someone raise their hand and tell me what cavities are? (Call on numerous students, discuss what happens to our teeth) Smart thinking! Cavities are damage to our teeth that can cause holes to form. It’s important that we not only brush twice a day and floss, but that we eat healthy foods and drink healthy drinks to keep cavities from forming. We also need to be sure that we are visiting our dentist every 6 months so they can clean our teeth and check for and fix any cavities we might have.

Motivation- Lesson Focus (time)
(30 minutes)
1.0-Everyone come stand here in front of the Mimeo board, and we are going to watch a video about brushing our teeth.
Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pd4WnsXwdqw
a) Can anyone tell me how we brush our teeth? (Allow children to answer. Help guide children to the correct answers if need be. Which directions do we brush? Do we brush in just one spot?) Wonderful answers! (Show the actions with a finger outside your mouth while saying the following) When we brush our teeth, we brush left to right, up and down and all around. Let’s use your pretend toothbrush finger and say it along with me. (Do the actions and say it again making sure everyone is saying it and doing the actions.) We brush left to right, up and down and all around. (Repeat along with the students until you notice that everyone is saying it and doing the actions) Okay class, now it’s your turn. Can you tell me and show me how your brush your teeth? (Watch that everyone is doing it.) (Call on individual children to show and tell you how to brush your teeth.)
b) Does anyone remember how many times a day we brush our teeth? (Allow for answers, until a student says 2 times) Yes, we should brush at least 2 times a day! How many times a day do we brush our teeth? (Make sure they are all answering 2 times a day) Can anyone guess how long we should brush our teeth each time? (Allow for different answers) You guys had smart answers! Did you know that we need to brush our teeth for 2 minutes? How long do we need to brush our teeth? (Make sure everyone is answering) Yes, 2 minutes!
2.0-Does everyone see this giant mouth over here and this brush? Everyone come sit in front of it so you can see it and leave some walking room in front.
a) Can anyone come up here and take this brush and show me how to brush these big teeth? What do we need to remember when brushing our teeth? We brush left… (Let class finish answering. If they need assistance say it along with them and repeat as needed.) I like how you all remembered how we should brush our teeth! Okay here’s your brush, Carson, let’s see how we should brush our teeth. (Let numerous children take turns brushing the big teeth and make sure they are brushing up left to right, up and down and all around.)
b) Has anyone ever had a piece of food stuck between your teeth? You have?! Isn’t it icky? Sometimes a toothbrush just isn’t able to get all of the icky food that gets stuck between our teeth. Let’s pretend like this cotton ball is a piece of food. (Stick the cotton ball between the teeth.) Can you brush it out? (Choose a few students to try to brush it out) What if we tried this piece of rope? (Choose a few students to try using the rope to get it out. Help lead the students to the right way to get the cotton ball out.) Try putting that rope between the teeth and under that food and then pull that cotton ball straight up and out. You got it! Does anyone here use floss? That’s great! Floss works a bit like this rope does. We floss between the teeth just like this to get the stuff out that our toothbrush can’t reach. (Demonstrate how to floss the big teeth) We floss between the teeth. Can everyone say that with me? We floss between the teeth. Your turn. (Make sure everyone is saying, “We floss between the teeth.” Repeat as necessary.) Let all of the students have a turn flossing the big teeth.
3.0-(Read “Brush your Teeth, Please.” https://www.amazon.com/Brush-Your-Teeth-Please-Pop-up/dp/0794430406/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1498760554&sr=1-3&keywords=tooth+brushing)

Multicultural Infusion/ Differentiated Teaching
1-When teaching how to brush and floss your teeth, I would make sure that I not only explain it verbally but that I’m also clearly showing the actions.
2-I would have print outs of important words in Spanish and English and the pictures and hang these up before the lesson. (Toothbrush, Toothpaste, Floss, Teeth, Mouth) In the beginning, when these words are mentioned, I would point to the print outs.
3-Allow for extra time to work on the different objectives as needed to ensure everyone is understanding the material. Slow down instruction if needed.
4-When the students are completing their journal entries, allow for different levels of entries based on their abilities. For example, some students may only be able to draw what they learned, while other students may be able to draw a picture and write a couple of words. For more advanced students, they may be able to write full sentences to describe their learning experiences. The advanced students could be encouraged to also write a story that describes their first trip to the dentist or to make up a story that has to do with what we learned in the lesson.

Technology
As stated above, we would watch a video about brushing your teeth. This video contains a song about brushing your teeth twice a day and left to right, up and down and all around. I would encourage the children to sing along and pretend to brush their teeth. I may even play it twice for them to ensure they are understanding the concepts being taught.

Concluding Activity (time)
(15 minutes) Everyone get out your journals, and we are going to write and draw about what we’ve just learned. What are some different things you learned today? (As the students answer, write the answers that have to do with the objectives on the board. Help guide students to the correct answers as needed)
We sure learned a lot!
(Write on the board and be sure to erase before assessment.)
We learned:
I brush my teeth 2 times a day.
I brush my teeth for 2 minutes.
I brush my teeth left to right, up and down and all around.
I floss between my teeth.

I want you to write and draw about what you learned today.
(When students are finished, call on some of them to share their journal as time allows.)

Evaluation/Assessment (time)
I would hand out the assessment that is on the very last page of this lesson plan. I would instruct them to cut it out along the lines and then I would come around and staple it into a book. I would have them each complete their book and then I would check it for accuracy. I would have a student check list to monitor how many each student missed. If a student missed a question, I would discuss it with them individually to reiterate the objective that they missed. If I find that many of my students have not grasped the objectives, then we will revisit them again and reassess. I would also give students their own toothbrush, toothpaste and floss after they’ve finished their assessment.

Resources-Picture of tooth came from https://pixabay.com/en/dentist-teeth-tooth-happy-smiling-158225/

teeth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Author:

I'm a mother of 3 wonderful boys, a wife, a college student working towards my elementary education degree, an aspiring children's book author, an avid volunteer, and a substitute teacher. I love being outdoors, reading, spreading kindness, spending time with family, learning, and teaching.

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